rodent resistant seed starting

at first you might not notice you have a rodent problem in the greenhouse.  they don’t tend to bother the brassicas which are the first crops to be sown.  it’s when you start sowing the warm season crops that it becomes apparent.  suddenly you watermelon plants are bit off, or the seed of the pepper plants are dug up.  it’s a sure sign you have mice.  you really shouldn’t wait until you know you have mice to control them, you should just assume you have them at the beginning of the season and set traps (tip for traps, since mice are so good at getting bait off traps, even peanut butter on the bottom, a cotton ball really shoved into the trap can work well, they collect the cotton for their nests).  i failed to do that this year, and once i realized that we had a rodent problem we had to take bolder actions.

we done this a couple years when we have realized we have mice problems and it’s worked well for us.  a hanging shelf where they can’t get to.  i’m sure if they really wanted to get to the seeds they could, but at that point i’d want to trap them put little outfits on them and train them to be circus mice.  hangingshelfonce the seedlings have germinated and ready to be pricked off we take them off the shelf, since the mice don’t really care about them at that point.

planting strawberries

in front of our newly established asparagus bed in the front yard, we also have added about 75 feet of strawberries.  i’m well on my way of freeing me from having to mow so much yard this summer.

we could have done a ton of research on variety, but i mostly wanted to get something in the ground this year, and my experience with strawberries is that every few years you have to rip them up and replace them if you really want to be productive. there will be plenty of chances for other varieties in the future.

fedco’s prices on bundles of strawberries were very fair and we ended up planting two varieties; sparkle and cavendish.  these are not the most exciting varieties one could grow, but they should produce an abundance of  tasty fruit that we can put in the freezer.

like our asparagus bed, i wish that we had spent more time preparing for it’s arrival in the fall, but again other things were more pressing.  we may have regrets later on as we attempt to keep the berries weed free. strawberries are somewhat notorious for being poor at competing with weeds.

while preparing strawberry beds is not nearly as labor intensive as digging trenches for asparagus, i did want to make sure that the soil was loosened pretty deeply.  our spading fork has been getting quite a workout preparing all these beds, and in the process of forking i was able to find plenty of buried concrete and brick aka urbanite.  the small pieces i’m going to toss, but the big stuff i’m thinking will get saved to use as pavers at some point in the far future.

pileofrocks

strawberries grow in a crown habit and so planting them at proper level is important, too low and you risk smoothing the tops, too high and you dry out the roots.  it’s worth taking the extra time to plant carefully.   my method is to make mound so that the roots are able to be planted more deeply than the crown and cover with soil.  water them well and cover with a straw mulch.  this will help to keep them from losing moisture and also keep weeds down.  after the roots establish we will top dress with compost and an organic fertilizer.

strawberrycrownplanted

what strawberry varieties are you growing?  anyone growing alpines?  musk strawberries?

asparagus planting

sorry for the delay in posts it’s not that i haven’t been doing anything, and welcome new readers – i look forward to yr comments.  now on to the post.

i’ve planted asparagus patches on several occasions, but none of them have been for myself or my family.  i’ve planted vegetable gardens at pretty much any house i have lived at, but the expense and effort of planting asparagus at a rental just seems like too much.  this year with a piece of property of my own, i actually felt like i could justify planting asparagus.

s and i made a large scale map and planned where our main veggie beds would go, our hoop house, future critters, and perennials.

i happen to think that asparagus makes a lovely backdrop and many people comment on how lovely it’s foliage is.  with that in mind we decided to put it in the front yard.   there were literal obstacles to this plan, namely the 15 foot tall bradford pear that was growing right in the middle of where i wanted to plant.  i had contemplated grafting good scion wood to the rootstock, but i got talked out of it, and there is a very productive pear in the lot behind us.

treebeforetreeafter

with a shovel and mattock and a couple of hours of hard work the tree was a goner.

my neighbor inquired as to what i was doing and seemed skeptical when i explained my plans for asparagus.

as if digging up a tree wasn’t enough of a challenge for the day, asparagus is usually grown by digging a trench eight to twelve inches deep. s and i spent a couple of hours digging out our trench, and since i love digging i had to keep reminding myself not to dig so deep.  in places the trench got well over twelve inches deep and i had to fill it back in, s didn’t have the same problem.

as i dug up my front yard and reflected back on my neighbor’s inquiry, i couldn’t help but think about the british television show, the good life.  if you’ve not seen it, i recommend it – though its really better viewing for the winter.

forktrenchthe trench dug, i used a spading fork to loosen the soil at the bottom of the trench and then we put the crowns down and covered them with a couple inches of soil.  asparagus looks to me like some sort of alien parasite.  as i plant it i worry of it jumping up and sucking onto my face.   this variety is jersey supreme from fedco trees.  as the crowns sprout and grow up we will fill the trench in, with soil and compost.  we gave them a nice watering and them the next day we had a nice gentle rain.  how perfect.

crownintrenchcoveri really wish we had done more to prepare the soil in the fall, but we were struggling with a newborn at the time, and i figure that even poorly planted asparagus is better than no asparagus.

what are you working on this spring?

planting true potato seeds

i’ve been planting potatoes for at least 15 years.  every single one of the years i’ve planted clones, from what are called seed potatoes.  what we call seed potatoes are not true seeds, but clones that are vegetatively propagated.  what this means, is that when we plant potatoes of the same variety say the ever popular “red norland”  we are not planting plants that are genetically similar, we are planting plants that are genetical exactly the same.  this is a risky proposition.  it means that if disease descends on the field, and the “red norland” is vulnerable, then it they all are gonna be equally vulnerable – and you could lose all your crops.

while lack of genetic diversity is an issue, not having the opportunity to see just what these potatoes can share with the world is even more important.  true potato seeds show a high degree of genetic variability, and you never really know what you are going to get unless you have done controlled crosses.  that is the exciting part, potato traits that have not shown their eyes in generations could show up, plus new combinations of genetic info from potatoes that have crossed.  potatoberriesthis year i’ve finally saved true potato seeds for the potato berries, and planted them, and have a nice yield of seedlings.  

the seedlings i’m growing this year are crosses of a couple of the more popular potatoes – yukon gold and red norland.  both have been doing well for us for a number of years out in the garden, and have done well without any pest problems, disease, or watering.  

seedlings

i have many more seedlings than i need, so if anyone is interested in some of them, i’d be happy to let them go for a dollar each, just to cover costs for growing them.  they should be ready to plant about the same time as tomatoes in mid may.  let me know if you are interested and the number of plants you want and send me an email to dirtysabot at gmail dot com.

 

passive greywater heat exchanger

it might not surprise you that i spend a decent amount of time researching ways to reduce the household energy use and increase efficiency.  while doing research on grey water collection i was reading about a device that collects the heat from greywater and radiates it to the house as it drains into the collection tank via a heat exchanger.

this seemed like a pretty complex device to collect what didn’t seem like that much heat.  i don’t use much hot water for washing dishes or taking a bath, and most of our clothes washing is done in cold water.

it did get my gears turning.

what if you could do something that required no work and could save this heat?  that would be worth it right?  it occurred to me that if you just left your hot bath water to sit until the water in tub was cold, it would have already achieved the task of extracting all the heat out of it before it went down the drain, making the need for a greywater heat extractor unnecessary.

so thats what i do now, leave the water in the tub until it has become cold.  how much this saves in energy savings, i have no idea, but if any one technically minded wants to calculate this, i would be very interested to find out.

 

improve germination, save money.

it might surprise some folks, but most seeds don’t need light to germinate.  now that you just read that i’m sure it seems obvious. seeds are planted in the soil, so they are in the dark,  but from our early days of learning to plant seeds in little cups in grade school we put the cups on a windowsill so they would grow.  it’s a tough habit to break.  the reality is windowsills being next to windows tend to be pretty drafty and cold, not a great place to germinate seeds since the thing they really need is heat.

most seeds break they dormancy best when the temperature is between about 70 and 80 degrees – some need it colder some need it hotter, i’m making a generalization.   with this knowledge we can grow better plants and save money.  if you are growing plants using a light stand as described in the previous post or even in a greenhouse you can save yourself some money by delaying using them until the seedlings have sprouted.

t8 lights might be more energy efficient than t12 lights but they still use plenty of electricity and that costs money, each bulb pulling between 24-32 watts plus the ballast – equaling at least 60 watts per light.

since they don’t need lights, but do need heat you can save yr self some money by putting them under a heat mat until they germinate.  the heat mat we use only pulls 17 watts, and running 24/7 that’s still much less wattage than the t8 lights running for 12 hours.   you can also get much larger heat mats with controllers that fit many flats.  we have one at work that fits as many as ten flats and it works very well.  you usually you can find these from greenhouse suppliers.  locally we go though bfg.

don’t want to buy a heat mat? want to save even more in electric use?  next best choice is the back of the fridge, it puts off a good amount of heat.  just resist the temptation to put them on the radiator – that will cook them.  covering them with some plastic film will help keep the warmth in and humidity.  happy growing.

lighting stand for transplants

for a number of years we have been growing our own transplants at home.  kind of strange given the fact that i have access to a greenhouse at work, but i’ve never wanted to take advantage of work, and frankly when i’m done working for the day, i don’t want to stick around and plant my own transplants.  i also find it a little confusing to try and keep track of my own plants at work, and having them at home separated just makes it easier.

we have cobbled together makeshift lighting stands to grow them on for a number of years, but this year i wanted to get serious and went to the task of putting together something a little more intentional. it was also a chance to switch from t12 lamps to t8, which are both 30% more energy efficient and slightly brighter, they also last much longer without losing their lighting output.

i looked at a number of  designs, some of which were made of metal and wooden shelves that one would buy, but i decided that for best use of space building my own custom sized shelf made the most sense.

i always start plants in the basement because it doesn’t have much light to compete against, it’s actually better to have only the fluorescent lights than a combination of them and daylight.  i even go so far as to block the light off the windows. it just confuses the plants.

our basement is funny, half of it is short, like only 7 feet tall, the other half is more normal sized. it would make sense to put the lighting rack on the side that is taller so you can fit in more shelves, but the shorter side has the boiler, hot water heater, and the bulk of the steam pipes.  it’s much warmer, and i decided to build the rack on that side.

since it’s short on that side and i wanted to make sure i made plenty of space for plants to grow to full size, i only made it three shelves high.

here you can see the frame.  framesorry for the blurry quality of the photos, there are low light level in the basement.  this is made from 2×2 material, actually ripped from 2×4′s total number of 2×4′s = 4.  then i added shelves 22 inches wide made from 1/2 inch plywood. shelvesthese are 22 inches wide so that four flats will fit on each shelf.  one sheet will yield enough material for the three shelves.

next was the t8 lamp install, they get installed with chains and hooks, so that they can get raised as the plants get taller.  lightsin every effort to reduce costs i installed 24 watt bulbs which cost less to run, but since i was concerned about less light, i took a page from weed growers and got a roll of mylar to reflect the light back onto the plants.  in this photo you can see the mylar on the side installed, there is also mylar on the underside of the shelves to reflect the light down.

mylar is tough to work with since it comes on a roll and doesn’t like to lay flat, but with the left over piece of plywood and a big t square i was able to cute and measure relatively easily.  in order to affix the mylar on the big sides i used sticky piece of velcro.  it makes it easy to take off and put on when watering. mylaras you can see a good amount of light is captured.  not sure if it will be enough to offset the lower wattage light.

cost breakdown -

four 2×4′s = 10.80, one sheet 1/2″ plywood = 16.26, six t8 light fixtures = 119.82, twelve 24 watt bulbs = approximately 60 dollars, one roll 25′ mylar = 29.97. total cost = 236.85.  thanks to a grant from the charter one foundation the cost doesn’t come out of our pocket.

certainly not cheap, but less expensive than building a greenhouse.  it’s more than big enough for all our transplant needs and we are also growing some transplants for others to sell. this should help cover the cost for building the shelf.  i’m hoping that next year i’ll be able to grow more transplants to sell and make a little more money for the house.   this year i’m working out the kinks and figuring out just how much it cost to grow the transplants and be able to charge a fair price.